Abstract: In this paper, performance analysis of transmission line has been carried out and Ferranti effect and short circuit fault have been studied. The proposed study has been done using MATALB/Simulink and has been experimentally verified on hardware. In open circuit or light loaded condition, it has been observed that receiving end voltage is slightly greater than sending end voltage in both, simulation as well as in hardware. During short circuit condition a relay has been used to trip the fault condition and line is isolated from the grid. Experimental and simulation results have been presented in this paper.

Keywords: Transmission line, Ferranti effect, rises in voltage, MATLAB software.